An abstract for a dissertation is normally included right after the title page of the report and is used for providing a summary to the reader. It is also often used in journals and databases of articles to enable any researchers to understand the contents of the report. Therefore, abstracts also usually include specific keywords for indexing purposes so the research report or dissertation writing can be found quite easily in an online library. The process of writing an abstract is quite straightforward and it should summarize the whole research in a maximum of two pages but a single page is usually ideal. The abstract should only provide a glimpse of the research rather than explaining all of the issues which are already presented in quite detail in the dissertation itself. Sources are usually not used in abstracts but if any citations or quotations are used they should be referenced completely and appropriately.